Gill on Predestination

As to the doctrine of Predestination, it may be considered either, In general as respecting ALL THINGS that have been, are, or shall be, or done in the world; every thing comes under the determination and appointment of God; “He did,” as the assembly of divines say in their confession, “from all eternity, unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass;” or, as they express it in their catechism, “God’s decrees are the wise, free and holy acts of the counsel of His will; whereby, from all eternity, He hath, for His own glory, unchangeably foreordained whatsoever comes to pass in time:” and this predestination and fore-appointment of all things, may be concluded from the foreknowledge of God. “Known unto God are all His works from the beginning of the world (Greek: “from eternity” ) Acts 15:18. They are known by Him as future, as – 2 – what would be, which became so by His determination of them. The reason why He knew they would be, is, because He determined they should be: also from the Providence of God, and His government of the world, which is all “according to the counsel of His own will” (Ephesians 1:11). He does every thing according to that, or as He has determined in His own mind. Eternal predestination in this sense is no other than eternal providence, of which actual providence in time is the execution.

To deny this, is to deny the providence of God, and, His government of the world, which none but Deists and Atheists will do; at least it is to think and speak unworthily of God, as not being the all-knowing and all-wise and sovereign ruler of the world, He is. Once more, the very wonderful thing, prophecy, or foretelling things to come, could not be without a predestination of them; of which there are so many instances in Scripture; such as the stay of the Israelites in Egypt exactly 430 years as prophesied, and their departure from thence; the seventy years captivity of the Jews in Babylon as foretold, and their return at the end of that time; the exact coming of the Messiah at such a certain time which was prophesied; with many others, and some seemingly the most casual and contingent; as the birth of persons by name a hundred or hundreds of years before they were born, as were Josiah and Cyrus; and of a man’s carrying a pitcher of water, at such a time, to such a place (1 Kings 13:2): how could these things be foretold with certainty, unless it was determined and appointed they should be? There is nothing comes by chance to God, nothing done without His knowledge, nor without His will, and nothing without His determination. Every thing, even the most minute thing, respecting His creatures, and what is done in this world in all periods and ages of time, is by His appointment. For the proof of which see the following passages.

Eccl. 3:1, 2. “To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven; a time to be born and a time to die,” &c. – 3 – a time fixed by the purpose of God for each of these.

Job 14:5. “Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with Thee, Thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass.”

Job 23:14. “He performeth the thing that is appointed for me, and many such things are with Him. ”

Daniel 4:35. “And He doth according to His will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth, and none can stay His hand, or say unto Him, what dost Thou?

Ephesians 1:11. Being predestinated according to the purpose of Him who worketh ALL THINGS after the counsel of His own will. ”

Acts 15:18. “Known unto God are all His works from the beginning of the world ”

Acts 17:26. “and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation.”

Matthew 10: 29 ,30. Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? And one of them shall not fall to the ground without your Father; but the very hairs of your head are all numbered. “

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